Sabtu, 27 Oktober 2012
Kamis, 26 Juli 2012
The answer is to hire a boss who has worked on the floor; new research shows that Formula One teams led by bosses who started out as drivers or mechanics win twice as many races as their rivals.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Researchers say the key to success is hiring so-called 'expert leaders' - individuals who have built up years of experience on the floor - instead of general managers. The pattern applies not just in Formula One but across other public and private sector organisations too.
The findings come from Cass Business School and the University of Sheffield where academics analysed every Formula One race - involving almost 18,000 cars - staged in the last 60-years. They found that the most successful team leaders are more likely to have started their careers as drivers or mechanics compared with Formula One leaders who are professional managers or engineers with degrees.
"Former top drivers, like Jean Todt, consistently turn into successful Formula One bosses, even when accounting for factors such as the resources available to each team," said co-author of the study, Dr Amanda Goodall of Cass Business School.
The authors argue their findings show that organisations headed by 'expert leaders' - individuals with deep technical knowledge and experience in the firm's core business, coupled with strong leadership ability - perform better than firms where general managers are at the helm.
"Is it important that the CEO of McKinsey was an outstanding consultant first? Should the BMW boss be an engineer? Are doctors better at running NHS hospitals? We would argue, 'yes'," said Dr Goodall.
The authors claim that former drivers - and 'expert leaders' in general - make better managers because of their deeply ingrained technical knowledge, which helps them to formulate more effective tactics and intuitive strategies. They also suggest that 'expert leaders' command greater credibility among teammates, having worked on the floor themselves.
"We can see why comparative newcomers like Red Bull, led by ex-driver Christian Horner, and Sauber, run by former mechanic Peter Sauber, are doing so well in Formula One. These teams may not have a 50-year history like Ferrari but they are led by hands-on experts with deep intuition," Goodall said.
The authors tested their theory on Formula One as the similarities in size and capabilities of the teams allowed more precise comparisons to be made. The small teams also made it easy to assess the influence of leaders. The study results held true even when the authors accounted for the type of circuit, the fame of the constructor team, the year of the race, and the number of cars in each competition.
Dr Goodall of Cass Business School (http://www.cass.city.ac.uk/
Cass Business School's faculty comprises over 100 research-active experts, with many of the faculty holding impressive academic credentials and a strong industry background. This elevated research (http://www.cass.city.ac.uk/
On Tuesday, July 3, 2012, Maria de Villota was testing a Formula 1 car for Marussia F1 when her car hit the back of a transport truck. Luckily, she was going relatively slowly and not at top speed. Still, she had severe injuries and was motionless for approximately 15 minutes after the impact. She was immediately treated and rushed to the hospital. Fortunately, she survived her massive head injuries. Unfortunately, the injuries did put an end to what she had hoped would be a long racing career. Due to the severity of her injuries, surgeons had no choice but to remove her right eye.
An initial investigation has so far revealed that the car was not the problem in the crash. Initially, it seemed that she had slowed down but then suddenly accelerated and hit the back of the transport truck. Given that scenario, it seemed that there may have been a mechanical problem. Now, it seems that was not the case.
On Friday, July 20, she was released from the hospital and she headed back to her home in Spain to continue her recovery. She will need a long time to recover and with the loss of her eye she may never have the same life she did before. However, she is really lucky to have survived that crash and the loss of her eye is minor in comparison to what could have happened. There has been an outpouring of support for the driver and her family from the Formula 1 community which is not surprising given the severity of the injuries.
Even if the cause of the crash was driver error, as it now appears it was, there may still be lessons to be learned from the accident. If something can be learned from the accident, it may spare other drivers, whether testing cars or driving in races, from a similar career ending crash. In this case, unfortunately, there is probably not a lot that can be learned that would apply across the board. The number of fatal accidents and the number of accidents involving severe injuries have gone down drastically over the years. The sport will never be completely safe, but at least Formula 1 and all other major racing organizations are constantly working to improve safety.
Kristin Watt has been a fan of motorsports since she was a young girl and she watched NASCAR races with her mother. That love of NASCAR quickly evolved into a great enjoyment of many different motorsports including everything from local dirt track action to the prestigious 24 Hours of Le Mans to the adrenaline rush of the extreme motocross events. She has been following motorsports for many years.
Date: Sunday, July 29th
Start Time: 8 a.m. (ET)
Site: Hungaroring (1986) -- Budapest, Hungary
Track: 4.381 km (2.722 miles), 14-turn road course
Miles: 190.540 (306.630 km)
On TV: Speed Channel
Race record: Michael Schumacher, 2004 (1 hr., 35 min., 26.131 sec.)
Qualifying record: Rubens Barrichello, 2002 (1 minute, 13.333 seconds)
Defending champion: Jenson Button
Runner up: Sebastian Vettel
Pole winner: Sebastian Vettel (1:19.815)
1. Jenson Button (Start: 3)
2. Sebastian Vettel (1)
3. Fernando Alonso (5)
4. Lewis Hamilton (2)
5. Mark Webber (6)
6. Felipe Massa (4)
7. Paul di Resta (11)
8. Sebastien Buemi (23)
9. Nico Rosberg (7)
10. Jaime Alguersuari (16)
Average speed: 172.416 k.p.h.
Time of race: 1 hour, 46 minutes, 42.337 seconds
Margin of victory: 3.588 seconds
2011 Jenson Button, McLaren-Mercedes, 172.416 k.p.h./1:46:42.337
2010 Mark Webber, Red Bull Renault, 181.989 k.p.h./1:41:5.571
2009 Lewis Hamilton, McLaren-Mercedes, 186.973 k.p.h./1:38:23.876
2008 Heikki Kovalainen, McLaren-Mercedes, 188.790 kph/1:37:27.067
2007 Lewis Hamilton, McLaren-Mercedes, 191.897 k.p.h./1:35:52.991
2006 Jenson Button, Honda, 163.773 k.p.h./1:52:20.941
2005 Kimi Raikkonen, McLaren-Mercedes, 188.859 k.p.h./1:37:25.552
2004 Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 192.798 k.p.h./1:35:26.131
2003 Fernando Alonso, Renault, 185.810 k.p.h./1:39:01.460
2002 Rubens Barrichello, Ferrari, 1:41:49.001
2001 Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 1:41:49.675
2000 Mika Hakkinen, McLaren-Mercedes, 1:45:33.869
1999 Mika Hakkinen, McLaren-Mercedes, 1:46:23.536
1998 Michael Schumacher, Ferrari, 1:45:25.550
1997 Jacques Villeneuve, Williams-Renault, 1:45:47.149
1996 Jacques Villeneuve, Williams-Renault, 1:46:21.134
1995 Damon Hill, Williams-Renault, 1:46:25.721
1994 Michael Schumacher, Benetton-Ford, 1:48:00.185
1993 Damon Hill, Williams-Renault, 1:47:39.09
1992 Ayrton Senna, McLaren-Honda, 1:46:19.216
1991 Ayrton Senna, McLaren-Honda, 1:49:12.796
1990 Thierry Boutsen, Williams-Renault, 1:49:30.597
1989 Nigel Mansell, Ferrari, 1:49:38.650
1988 Ayrton Senna, McLaren-Honda, 1:57:47.081
1987 Nelson Piquet, Williams-Honda, 1:59:26.793
1986 Nelson Piquet, Williams-Honda, 2:00:34.508
Race: German Grand Prix (July 22nd)
Site: Hockenheimring -- Hockenheim, Germany
Miles: 190.4 (306.458 km)
Finish line order: Fernando Alonso, Jenson Button, Kimi Raikkonen, Kamui Kobayashi, Sebastian Vettel
Time of Race: 1 hour, 31 minutes, 5.862 seconds
Average speed: 201.843 k.p.h.
Margin of victory: 6.949 seconds
#1 Sebastien Vettel (Heppenheim, Germ) Renault/Red Bull
#2 Mark Webber (Queanbeyan, Australia) Renault/Red Bull
#3 * Jenson Button (Frome, England) Mercedes/McLaren Vodafone
#4 Lewis Hamilton (Stevenage, England) Mercedes/McLaren Vodafone
#5 Fernando Alonso (Oviedo, Spain) Ferrari/Scuderia
#6 Felipe Massa (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Ferrari/Scuderia
#7 Michael Schumacher (Germany) Mercedes/AMG Petronas
#8 Nico Rosberg (Wiesbaden, Germany) Mercedes/AMG Petronas
#9 Kimi Raikkonen (Espoo, Finland) Renault/Lotus
#10 Romain Grosjean (Geneva,Switzerland) Renault/Lotus
#11 Paul di Resta (Livingston, Scotland) Mercedes/Force India
#12 Nico Hulkenberg (Emmerich, Germany) Mercedes/Force India
#14 Kamui Kobayashi (Amagasaki, Japan) Ferrari/Sauber
#15 Sergio Perez (Guadalajara, Mexico) Ferrari/Sauber
#16 Daniel Ricciardo (Perth, Australia) Ferrari/Scuderia Toro Rosso
#17 Jean-Eric Vergne (Pontoise, France) Ferrari/Scuderia Toro Rosso
#18 Pastor Maldonado (Maracay,Venezuela) Renault/Williams
#19 Bruno Senna (Sao Paulo, Brazil) Renault/Williams
#20 Heikki Kovalainen (Finland) Renault/Caterham
#21 Vitaly Petrov (Vyborg, Russia) Renault/Caterham
#22 Pedro de la Rosa (Barcelona, Spain) Cosworth/HRT
#23 Narain Karthikeyan (Chennai, India) Cosworth/HRT
#24 Timo Glock (Lindenfels, Germany) Cosworth/Marussia
#25 Charles Pic (Montelimar, France) Cosworth/Marussia
Benson celebrated his 200th career Formula One start in impressive fashion, as he posted his 11th career title. His first F1 came victory in the 2006 Hungarian GP, a race also affected by rain.
With wet track conditions at the beginning of the 70-lap race, Red Bull's Sebastian Vettel started on pole and led the first four laps before he slid wide off course and allowed Button's teammate, Lewis Hamilton, to overtake him for the top position. Hamilton ran in front for a majority of the race at the Hungaroring, but as the rain intensified in the late-stages, Hamilton spun around, and Button assumed the lead and took command of the race.
2012 points leader Fernando Alonso is the driver to beat this week, as he has posted a great mark at the halfway point of the season. Alonso has finished 1st, 2nd and 1st the last three races and has 10 top-10s in as many starts. His lead over Mark Webber for the championship has reached 34 points.
Webber capitalized on pit strategy and benefited from a mistake made by his Red Bull Racing teammate Sebastian Vettel to win the 2010 running of this race.
Webber grabbed the lead when Vettel, the pole sitter, and Ferrari's Fernando Alonso pitted early in the 70-lap race. Then Vettel's drive-through penalty for a safety-car rule infringement helped Webber gain a sizeable lead over Alonso, who moved up to second. Vettel ran third after serving his penalty.
With a near 24-second lead over Alonso, Webber finally pitted on lap 44. The Australian went on to finish almost 18 seconds ahead of Alonso for his fourth victory of that season and the sixth of his F1 career. Webber's win total has now reached nine with two additional wins this season and one in 2011.
After a lackluster start to his 2009 season, Lewis Hamilton regained his form at the Hungarian Grand Prix, as he cruised to a whopping, 11.529 seconds win over Kimi Raikkonen for his 10th career Formula One title. Hamilton finished second the following week and then added another title in Singapore, as he finished fifth in F1 points that year. Hamilton won in Canada back in June and now owns 18 career titles.
Felipe Massa dominated the race in 2008, but it was his late-race misfortune that led the way for McLaren's Heikki Kovalainen to score his first career Formula One victory at the Hungaroring. Kovalainen's first F1 victory came in his 27th grand prix entry.
Lewis Hamilton led all 70 laps to win the 2007 Hungarian Grand Prix. Hamilton, a rookie on the circuit that year, finished 0.715 seconds ahead of Ferrari's Kimi Raikkonen for his third of four wins in 2007.
In 2006, Jenson Button dodged rain drops and pools of water to register his first career Formula One title. It took 113 races, but Button was able to cross the finish line 30.8 seconds ahead of Pedro de la Rosa. Pole sitter Kimi Raikkonen failed to finish due to an accident and placed 15th.
The Hungaroring is built 12 miles northeast of Budapest, and is set in a natural Amphitheater, as the track starts on one side, goes down into a valley before going down the far side, then turning and coming back in the opposite direction. Overtaking is virtually impossible here, as the track is narrow, with many slow corners. Hungaroring has hosted this race since it began in 1986. The track features 13 turns and offers excellent natural viewing embankments. It's location, close to the border with Germany, enables fans from all over Europe to attend.
In 2005, Kimi Raikkonen won the fourth of his seven titles that year, as he crossed the finish line a whopping 35.581 seconds ahead of pole sitter Michael Schumacher.
1986 saw Nelson Piquet win the inaugural race after beating arch rival, Ayrton Senna, in a close battle. He won again the following year, after Nigel Mansell was forced to forfeit the victory due to a loose wheel nut, with only 6 laps remaining.
Damon Hill won his first Grand Prix victory here in 1993, and in 1994, Michael Schumacher raced his Benetton to the win for the teams' maiden Hungaroring victory. Damon Hill won again in '95, and came in second in '96, behind teammate Jacques Villeneuve. The pole sitter has captured 11 of the 26 previous races, including five of the last 11 years. The winner of this race has come from a top-five starting position in every race but two (1989, 2006).
Formula One teams take its "summer vacation" during the month of August before returning to action with the September 2nd running of the Belgian Grand Prix in Spa, Belgium. Sebastian Vettel is the defending race winner.
Read more here: http://www.miamiherald.com/2012/07/24/2910070/formula-one-hungarian-grand-prix.html#storylink=cpy